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Ismoil Somoni Peak is the highest mountain in Tajikistan and the highest peak in the Pamir Mountains, with an elevation of 7,495 meters (24,590 feet). It is named after Ismoil Somoni, who was the founder of the Samanid Empire in the 9th and 10th centuries.

The mountain was previously known as "Stalin Peak" and "Communism Peak" during the Soviet era, but was renamed Ismoil Somoni Peak after Tajikistan's independence in 1991.

Ismoil Somoni Peak is a popular destination for mountaineers and climbers due to its high altitude and technical challenges. The first successful ascent was made in 1933 by a German-Soviet expedition, and since then many climbers have attempted to summit the peak.

The mountain is located in the Pamir Mountains, which are part of the Himalayas and are known for their rugged and remote terrain. The region is also home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, including snow leopards, ibex, and Marco Polo sheep.