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Matera is a historic city located in the Basilicata region of southern Italy. It is known for its unique and well-preserved "sassi" (cave dwellings), which are a series of ancient homes and buildings carved into the local rock formations. The sassi of Matera are considered to be one of the most interesting and unusual architectural phenomena in Italy and are recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

One of the main attractions of Matera is the sassi, which are made up of a series of interconnected caves and rock-cut homes and buildings. Visitors can explore the sassi and admire the unique architecture and history of this ancient city, as well as the stunning views of the surrounding countryside.

Another popular attraction in Matera is the Cathedral of Matera, which is located in the center of the city and dates back to the 12th century. Visitors can admire the beautiful architecture and art of this historic church, as well as its strategic position overlooking the sassi.

Matera is also known for its rich cultural heritage and traditions, including the art of olive oil production, winemaking, and breadmaking. Visitors can visit local farms, olive groves, and vineyards to learn about these traditional industries, as well as sample some of the delicious local products.