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Mount Vesuvius is an active stratovolcano located on the Gulf of Naples in southern Italy. It is one of the most famous and well-studied volcanoes in the world, known for its eruption in AD 79 that destroyed the ancient Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum.

Vesuvius stands at a height of 1,281 meters (4,203 feet) and is the only volcano on the European mainland to have erupted within the last hundred years. The last significant eruption occurred in 1944, and the volcano is currently considered to be at a moderate level of activity.

Despite its history of destructive eruptions, Mount Vesuvius is a popular tourist destination, with thousands of visitors each year. The volcano is located within the Vesuvius National Park, which offers several hiking trails and observation points for visitors to explore and admire the volcano's beauty.