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Pico de Orizaba, also known as Citlaltépetl, is the highest mountain in Mexico and the third highest peak in North America, with a summit elevation of 5,636 meters (18,491 feet) above sea level. It is located on the border between the Mexican states of Puebla and Veracruz, and it is part of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt.

The name Pico de Orizaba means "Star Mountain" in Nahuatl, the language of the Aztecs, while Citlaltépetl means "Star Mountain" in the Totonac language. The mountain is considered sacred by the indigenous peoples of Mexico, and it has a rich cultural heritage.

The first successful ascent of Pico de Orizaba was made in 1848 by a group of British and Mexican mountaineers. Since then, the mountain has been climbed by several expeditions, and it is a popular destination for mountaineers from around the world.

Pico de Orizaba is a dormant stratovolcano, and it is the highest volcano in North America. The mountain has several glaciers, including the Jamapa Glacier, which is the third largest in Mexico. The area surrounding the mountain is home to several ethnic groups, including the Nahuas and Totonacs, who have a rich cultural heritage and a long history of living in the region.

Pico de Orizaba is a popular destination for hiking and mountaineering, with several routes leading to the summit. The most common route is the Jamapa Glacier Route, which is a technical climb that requires high-altitude mountaineering skills. However, there are several other routes for less experienced hikers and climbers.